Have you been lately noticing some kind of a white spot in your Eye? If it was not there earlier, probably there is something that is concerning . Eye spots can be in different colours including red, white or brown. These spots appear in the inner area of the eyes instead of appearing on the surrounding skin or eye lid which makes them more concerning.
There are a variety of reasons why your eyes has that spot. Certain reasons including corneal ulcers, retinoblastoma or fungal infection can contribute to the condition.
Can having a spot in the eye be harmful?
It is always a better idea to seek expert advice whenever you notice any such change in your eyes. Appearance of a white spot can sometimes go on its own. However, if it continues to appear for more than 3 days, it is better to get in touch with the ophthalmologist. Excess delay can adversely impact your vision.
The white spot can be accompanied with pain or changes in the vision sometimes. In such cases, you should never delay getting the problem treated.
Probable reasons behind white spot in the eye-
Several factors that can create a white spot on a permanent or temporary basis are discussed as below-
- Corneal ulcer
If your cornea is adversely affected, it can eventually impact your eye in some or the other way. The main role of cornea is to protect your eye against any kind of harmful particle getting in. corneal Ulcer can impose a threat on your vision by creating a white spot. Major reasons behind corneal ulcers include –
- Contact lenses
- Dry eyes
- Eye injury
- Herpes simplex virus exposure
Keratitis can also contribute to the corneal ulcer . It is particularly caused by infection. Sometimes, autoimmune diseases are also responsible for corneal ulcers.
Other reasons behind corneal ulcer
- bacterial infections
- Fungal infections autoimmune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
- Fungal infection
- viral infection
The condition of cataract occurs when the lens of the eye becomes slightly white or cloudy in colour. Lens helps the eye to focus on the light so that it can produce images and project them up on the retina. Cataract progresses at a slow rate and affects the vision with time . As the cataract becomes worse, you might find the lens becoming whitish or yellowish in colour.
Ageing factors, eye conditions and underlying health problems can contribute to cataract. In fact, there are certain people who might have cataracts since birth.
- Corneal dystrophy
Corneal Dystrophy is a condition when dirt accumulates in the cornea of the eye. It eventually impairs the vision and creates problems in general. There can be certain reasons behind dystrophy. some of them include gelatinous looking spots, cloudy vision and opaqueness.
Just like cataract, corneal Dystrophy also slowly progresses and impacts both the eyes with time . it is also inherited in some cases.
- Pinguecula and pterygium
Pinguecula and pterygium refers to the type of growth that appears in the eye area. Basically, Pinguecula is a cover that protects the outer white part of the eye. It keeps the harmful impact of radiation and away. Also, exposure to wind or dust can impair the layer surrounding the white area.
Pinguecula basically looks like a white coloured yellow shorts that appears towards the side of the eye. It is composed of calcium, fat or protein.
pterygium on the other hand is flesh that appears over the cornea. It can grow so large that it might negatively affect the vision.
- Coats disease
It’s a rare condition which affects the retina . Basically, retina is the area of the eye that is responsible for detecting colours and light. It also has a role play in sending the information to the Brain through the optic nerve.
If a person is suffering from coats disease, the blood vessels in the retina do not develop in normal circumstances. With time, a white coloured mass can be observed in the eyes of such people. Particularly during the exposure to light, that white spot is visible.
Coats disease affects only one eye and during a rare case, It can also impact both the eyes. However, the exact reason behind such a disease is still undiscovered.
Retinoblastoma is a rare eye disease that can occur because of genetic mutations. The genetic mutations can be inherited from the parent as well.
The condition of retinoblastoma generally occurs in adults. However, in rare circumstances, children can be impacted as well. It can affect both Eyes or just one eye depending on the factors. Retinoblastoma noticeably brings a white coloured spot into the eye which shines when the light falls in.
- Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is again a type of skin cancer that can affect the conjunctiva of the eye. People having such types of cancers can notice white growth in the eye surface. The condition can impact one or both the eyes depending on certain factors. The main reasons behind SSC include HIV AIDS and allergic conjunctiva.
How to exactly know what can be the reason behind the spot appearing in your eye? Try to match up the above conditions and follow the below mentioned procedures-
Below mentioned are some of the treatments that you can have to eliminate the white spot condition from your eye. Here are the possible options-
- Eye drops
A good quality lubricating eye drop can reduce the irritation and remove something that has gone inside. Some of the eye drops available in the market have steroidal content that combats inflammation straightaway. Eye drops can be used for the following diseases-
- Corneal dystrophy
- Corneal ulcer
- Laser therapy
Laser therapy is a good option to cure retinoblastoma and destroy blood vessels that induce tumors. In fact, it’s a good option to destroy abnormal blood vessels that induce diseases.
- Antimicrobial treatment
The microbial medicines can fight with bacterial infections, fungal agents and viral infections very easily. Your doctor will suggest the exact dose of microbial medicine to be consumed.
Cryotherapy is beneficial to treat most of the conditions. It is an amazing way to remove cancer cells naturally from the body.
Eye surgery is the last resort for treating the impaired cornea. Corneal transplant removes the damaged cornea with a healthy one. Removing the cornea automatically treats dystrophy and allows the growth of healthy tissues.
Surgeries are also useful for removing large tumors, cataracts and malignant Growths that are harmful for the eye. The surgical expert might implant an artificial Eye or remove a certain part of it in order to cure the underlying condition.
- Cancer treatment
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can be suggested by your doctor to treat problems like retinoblastoma and eye cancer.
When to get in touch with a doctor?
You should immediately get in touch with the doctor when the problem of white spots in the eye does not go away on its own. The more you delay, the more unmanageable the problem can become. Your doctor would analyse the white spot and recommend the treatment based on the exact reason. There can be serious eye conditions that need to be immediately attended. It is very important to to assess and remember the following facts in order to get the optimal treatment –
- When did the vision loss or change take place?
- When did you feel the unexplained redness or pain in the eyes?
- Sustained scratch or injury
- Nausea or vomiting accompanied with Eye Pain
There can be so many reasons behind the occurrence of a white spot in your eye. Some of the reasons can be less concerning whereas The others may require immediate treatment. There is a Thumb Rule to arrange an appointment with an ophthalmologist the moment you find something wrong with your eyes. The expert will diagnose the condition and provide the best treatment.